The Spinning of Creation
The climate changes. The atmosphere roils. This is not another treatise on climate change, but on everything that leads up to it. The patterns set up in the atmosphere follow a pattern set up by the spinning of Creation. The patterns contained within the seasons are those we can measure and understand…within limits. Random perturbations exist in the smaller patterns and larger patterns occur over longer periods related to the spin and eccentricity of the Earth’s rotation and revolution. The spin is evident in every element: earth, water, air, and life.
The spinning of Creation started with a bang. It continued with the spinning of the galaxies, the rotation of each solar system, and each star, planet, and moon contained within. We can only assume that the pattern is common; not only do the bodies rotate, but so do the elements of each. This is based on the knowledge of our own: Earth, where layers of air, water, soil, and life interact with each other to maintain an equilibrium with the rest of Creation. We perceive this equilibrium as day and night, high tide and low tide, summer and winter, flood and drought, ocean circulation, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanoes, birth and death.
The Earth sphere: Core, mesosphere, asthenosphere, and lithosphere: (5800 km to it’s core). Our Earth seems to have a life of it’s own. Having a rotating core, magmas and rocks of varying temperatures, pressures, and densities, it churns from within; and has layers that move relative to each other, due to internal forces and gravity.
It is believed the Earth’s inner core is solid iron-nickel; overlain by a liquid outer core of mostly iron, nickel, and sulfur. See Coriolis effect (below) for possible effects here. The mantle, having a less viscous lower layer and solid upper layer, extends from the core outward and consists of igneous (heat-produced) magnesium and iron oxides with low silica content. The crust floats above the mantle; aluminum, calcium, sodium, and potassium oxides and silicates making up the continents; carbonates, and iron and magnesium silicates making up the oceans.
Through plate tectonics, the continental layers float on top of the denser oceanic layers and move both horizontally; and vertically by subduction (the continents are pushed under the oceans). Earthquakes and volcanoes occur over long intervals, because the movements between the rocks and magmas are slow. As hard as we may try, the movement of the Earth is not easily if at all controlled. We are left to modify it only to have it continue roiling and spinning, churning and sliding.
Hydrosphere: (1700 km thick). At the same time, less-dense liquids interact with each other to form the hydrosphere. The most-common liquid, water, is found in a layer that saturates the upper 1/3 of the Earth’s outer layers and is seeping down into successively deeper layers. It can be thought that the water did not originate in the center of the Earth, but rather came from without, or was already there from the beginning. Otherwise it was made within the Earth during it’s evolution from a molten mass, and part of a larger, evolving, solar system.
Water also churns and moves about due to interactions from within, and gravity. The Coriolis effect, causing rotation of fluid masses due to the varying speed of the Earth’s rotation between the equator and poles, controls the ocean currents along with variations in density and pressure. We can and do control the movement of water…within limits. We need it to survive; and are intimidated by its force. It can erode shorelines within months and cut through rocks over eons.
Besides water, solid and gaseous elements become liquids at varying temperatures and pressures, or combine with other elements to become other liquids, and therefore can originate from within. Most liquid compounds are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Atmosphere: (400 km thick). The gaseous layer, the atmosphere, emanates from the rocks, sediments, and liquids that comprise the lithosphere and hydrosphere, and are a result of the interactions that take place in the churning rocks and waters. It is an extension of the hydrosphere and has additional properties of its own. It also churns from within, and with gravity. It’s motion is also controlled by the Coriolis effect along with variations in density and pressure.
There are a few gases that contain a simple compound of a gaseous element (e.g., H2S), but most gases contain the additional elements, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Because the gases are less dense than the liquid layer, it can be thought that the gases did originate from the center of the Earth and continue to do so. We cannot control the movement of the atmosphere, although we, and every living thing, do interact with it’s chemistry.
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere: These are the layers of the atmosphere, having spherical properties of their own; and moving from within and without; each affected by the rotations of the lithosphere and hydrosphere, and each other.
Biosphere: The liquids and gases, along with organic matter (carbon), comprise the biosphere; in turn the biosphere processes the liquids and gases into other liquids and gases. The biosphere, the “carbon” layer, uses, and contributes to the other spheres. Therefore, except for water, the liquids and gases are products of the lithosphere and biosphere. We drink and breathe and contribute to the atmosphere and liquids (water especially) around us. Does the Coriolis effect also have an effect on the biosphere?
Life can survive in only the bottom 50 kilometers (30 miles) of the atmosphere, to the top of the stratosphere, and only as deep as about 2,000 feet (~1/2 mile). For contrast, the highest point on Earth is about 30,000 feet or 5 miles. Life can and cannot survive within the hydrosphere.
Ionosphere and Magnetosphere: These are the “physics” layers; consisting of chemical and electromagnetic (light, solar, radiation) energy; properties of every spherical system, including the sun and galaxies; and interacting with each other.
Some of the interactions between the spheres are obvious and can be measured. And then, there are small relationships between the land, water and atmosphere, that are not so easily monitored, and that affect the configurations and properties of each one. The patterns of interaction within the spheres are mostly long term and not easily understood or modeled based on our short existence relative to the beginning of Creation.
The spinning continues and must be slowing, although incomprehensibly. This is the Environment: in political terms. In human terms: Creation. It is given to us by our Creator to both, use wisely, and develop towards our advancement. This should include all forms of energy; coal, oil, gas, gravimetric, nuclear, solar, wind, water, electromagnetic, ionic,…These are the products of Creation.
Ah, but it’s the spinning, some that can be measured, some that cannot, that causes climate variability and other perturbations in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere.