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Melting glaciers blamed for subtle slowing of Earth’s rotation


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If climate change was natural, which it is, this would still be happening.

So wait; is it spinning slower or spinning faster? If anything, the only thing this illustrates is how little they know.

More thought on that here!

By Will Dunham WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The melting of glaciers caused by the world’s rising temperatures appears to be causing a slight slowing of the Earth’s rotation in another illustration of the far-reaching impact of global climate change, scientists said on Friday. The driving force behind the modest but discernible changes in the Earth’s rotation measured by satellites and astronomical methods is a global sea level rise fueled by an influx of meltwater into the oceans from glaciers, the researchers said. “Because glaciers are at high latitudes, when they melt they redistribute water from these high latitudes towards lower latitudes, and like a figure skater who moves his or her arms away from their body, this acts to slow the rotation rate of the Earth,” Harvard University geophysicist Jerry Mitrovica said.

Source: Melting glaciers blamed for subtle slowing of Earth’s rotation

Other Posts

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Islanders in Chesapeake Bay face exile from rising seas


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I am amazed that the author says nothing about “man-made” global warming, but admits that the land loss is historical: “Low-lying Tangier is particularly susceptible to climate change and rising seas and the sinking of the bay — called subsidence. The sinking is a remnant of the last ice age and glaciers north of the bay. As the ice melted, the land rebounded, while the bay began to sink.”

Please see “Climate Change 101

 

RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — Islanders in the middle of the Chesapeake Bay could be among the first “climate change refugees” in the continental United States as rising seas claim their historic fishing village, a report released Thursday concludes.

Source: Islanders in Chesapeake Bay face exile from rising seas – Yahoo News

Other Daily Mulls

Scientists just discovered a surprising new factor that could make global warming worse – The Washington Post

Fabrications to Prop Up Climate Panic Are Among Greatest Scandals in History of Science

This week, geologists will attempt to drill through Earth’s crust and into the mantle

AP FACT CHECK: On climate science, most GOP candidates fail – Yahoo News

Senate Votes to Block Obama’s Climate Change Rules – The New York Times

Leading Harvard physicist has a radical new theory for why humans exist

A giant man-made hole in Earth’s atmosphere is now larger than North America

NASA found a way to track ocean currents from space. What they saw is troubling – The Washington Post

NASA satellites reveal something startling about the future of food on Earth

 

 

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

Look for it at major booksellers, including Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Books-A-Million,and Kobo.

 

Climate Change 101: You Can’t Stop the Earth from Spinning 


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An earth 4.5 billion years old, having slowly cooled from a molten mass. Cyclical climate trends measuring 10s to 100s to 1000s of years. Reliably accurate measurements for only the past 150 years.

My first mulling is on the subject of climate change, the centerpiece of this blog series. I won’t disagree that the climate is changing, but I believe the human contribution is negligible. I’m also not advocating that we do nothing about it; but to a limited degree. We’re always trying to control things, sometimes with negative consequences. If we were to swing into another ice age, we might be happy that we warmed the earth a little.

It seems, everywhere you turn these days, there’s a new study, verifying that the earth is warming, that the ozone hole is getting larger, that carbon dioxide levels are increasing, that polar ice is melting, that sea level is rising, and that ocean currents are being altered. And it’s all because of human degradation and destruction.

“It’s the worst it’s been in recorded history” has become the mantra for the media to apply the label “man-made.” In all the sensationalistic news however is there never an explanation that “recorded history” is infinitesimal compared to the history of the earth, and the history of climate change.

In geological studies we learned that the earth started as a molten mass approximately 4.5 billion years ago, cooled to a habitable climate, and has gone through periods of cooling and warming up to the present time. It took approximately 0.5 billion years for the earth to cool down from about 18,000 ºF to less than 100 ºF, on average, considering the earth as a whole. Since then it has gone through several periods of cooling and warming within the habitable range. At least one long cycle causes changes over millions of years. The cool periods included several ice ages. Warmer periods have tended to last longer. The most recent glacial period of the current ice age occurred approximately 25,000 years ago, and the earth has been in a period of warming ever since. The periods of cooling and warming are believed to be caused by changes in the earth’s orbit that take place every 75,000 years or so. There are other cycles, caused by changes in the tilt and wobble of the earth, that take place over shorter time periods of 40,000 years and 20,000 years. There are also shorter cycles that we have been able to actually measure-an 11-year sunspot cycle, a 19-year lunar cycle, the 60-year Atlantic and Pacific Oscillations, El Nino, and periodic non-cyclic events caused by volcanic activity.

The shorter cycles we have actually been able to measure, by taking actual reliable measurements, for only about 150 years. In other words, we had thermometers at weather stations across the globe and were able to measure temperatures simultaneously or at least on a daily basis. The longer measurements show up in the geologic record, in sediment, rock, ice layers, and tree rings. Keep in mind that there is always some error applied to measurements we take using the geologic record or tree rings; dating a span of time using these methods usually gives you a measurement plus or minus hundreds or thousands of years.

We do not know exactly when the next swing toward a cooler or warmer period of a cycle will take place or even if one may be occurring now. In other words, we know that the earth has been warming since the last ice age, but don’t know when the earth may start cooling again, or even if our current period of warming may be within one of the longer cycles.

So, given that we have only about 150 years of reliably accurate measurements and that the earth is estimated to be approximately 4.5 billion years old, apparently we only know for sure how the climate has changed for approximately 0.000003 percent of the earth’s history. That’s like looking at the weather for approximately 2/1000 of a second and determining what the weather’s going to be like for the next 24 hours; and we know how much the weather can change in a day.

Even if we had 6,000 years of reliable data (the amount of time since the first civilization), that would be only about 0.0002 percent of the earth’s history. Or if we take the biblical world view that the earth is only approximately 6,000 years old, we know only what the weather is like over 1/10 of a second compared to a day.

Why is it then that the man-made climate-change (MMCC) enthusiasts insist on crediting human capitalism with our current warming climate? Could it be that everything we do burns up oxygen and turns it into carbon dioxide? But that’s not unusual. Every species of animal does that. In fact, man’s total contribution of CO2 to the atmosphere by his industriousness is estimated to be approximately 3% by volume. The natural contribution to atmospheric CO2 is approximately 24% by volume. See the reference here. If we weren’t so industrious, we’d probably contribute only a small percentage (say about 3%) to this. So, as a species, we contribute about 6% to the total. To be totally honest, I don’t know how much of the 6% is due to our farming and agricultural practices and other wastes we generate that would be present no matter how industrious we were. Unless we were to stop producing and harvesting in addition to discontinuing the manufacture of plastics, for example.

The percentage of CO2 in the atmosphere is about 0.04. So when a climate scientist argues that it is increasing, it is from a very small amount to a very small amount. CO2 levels in the atmosphere have increased previously, as measured in sediments and ice cores, to levels that we are seeing now. Remembering that historical levels are measured within some level of accuracy and error, they could have been somewhat higher or lower. Supposedly, however, CO2 levels are increasing at a faster rate than they would naturally, due to our extra contributions. The natural rate of increase again, however, is subject to measurement error.

What are the author’s qualifications for presenting this argument? The author is a practicing geoscientist for 35 years. One of the basic tenets of this science is that the history of the earth, including previous climates, is stored in the sediments, rocks, ice, and water. Remember again that this gives us a picture of how conditions may have changed over the 4.5 billion years of the earth’s history, although somewhat incomplete and estimated.

So just how accurate is the science of MMCC? According to the IPCC, the warming earth, spreading ozone hole, increasing carbon dioxide levels, melting polar ice, rising sea level, and shifting ocean currents coincide with changes to the levels of gases being contributed to the atmosphere by man. Funny thing is we’ve only had the ability to measure temperature, sea level, ice and currents about as long as we’ve been able to measure the concentrations of the gases. This doesn’t mean that the gases have caused the warming and other changes, only that we’ve been measuring them at the same time.

Correlation does not imply causality. The earth has been warming naturally since the last glacial maximum and, more significantly, since the little ice age. Although the warming and changes in ice and sea level may be related, the relationship between human-made gases and warming is only coincidental at best. The gases that are considered to be greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and miscellaneous other gases. The miscellaneous gases include CFCs and the like, which are the only gases that are not also produced naturally, but account for only a fraction of a percentage of the atmospheric gases. The concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide that are produced by human industry account for approximately 4% of the total atmospheric concentrations of these gases. Natural sources account for approximately 23%, and the remaining 73% were present in the atmosphere prior to industrial development, and had also to have built up naturally.

The earth is warming, and it will cool again, naturally, as it has already done many times. It may coincide with changes in atmospheric gases. It has already done this too. Whether there is a cause and effect between climate change and the gases, the natural contribution far exceeds that extra part contributed by man’s industriousness. And insomuch as man is a part of nature, what part of his industriousness is not also natural?

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Published by Westbow Press.

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Historical Climate Change



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Click Here for a Summary of Regional U.S. Data

Looking at the graphs presented by Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia on its Ice Age page showing temperature, carbon dioxide, and dust changes over the last 450,000 years, a few points are notable:

  1. Previous interglacial (warm) periods (higher temperatures on the graph) have gotten warmer than the current interglacial (warm) period based on temperature. These cannot be man-made.

  2. Some previous interglacial (warm) periods also had higher carbon dioxide levels than the current. These too cannot be man-made.

  3. Past measurements up to the most recent 150 years or so are based on estimates that may have some error, so that the magnitude and duration of change may be slightly off.

  4. The current interglacial (warm) period has lasted longer than previous interglacial (warm) periods. This may be partially due to Point No. 3. Changes in temperature over the last 150 years or so are based on actual measurements using thermometers. Previous changes are based on measurements using the tools mentioned here.

  5. Looking at the last few thousand years close up, it appears that the average temperature is decreasing, which would be expected if we are tending toward a new glacial (cold) period. See below.

  6. Higher dust levels correspond to the glacial (cold) periods and are low now.

So what about the last few thousand years? Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia shows a general increase in temperatures during the last 1,000 years. Even NOAA shows temperatures to be generally increasing during the last 2,000 years. Now I know I give very little credence, to some extent, to the analyses of ice cores, but even ice cores may indicate that other analyses may not be what they seem; in other words, not all ice cores are created equal. Take this one, which shows that temperatures have been trending downwards (colder) for the last 10,000 years. It also shows temperatures to be increasing during the last 300 years or so, more noticeably during the last 150 years.

But remember, 150 years marks the extent to which we have “actual” temperature measurements. You can look at temperature records from just about anywhere and get the impression that temperatures are increasing for the last few hundred years or so; like this study. But you need to look at temperatures prior to that time and just about every analysis agrees that temperatures have been warmer than they are now and may even be decreasing now.

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Published by Westbow Press.

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Random Thoughts, Theories, and Observations


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Given the crazy stuff coming out of our politicians, rich businessmen, and liberal media, why should I fear sharing a few thoughts of my own?

Given that a government of the people by its very nature must provide for the people, there is a limit as to how much it should provide. 

The Science of Scale

Theory: As the space and time an object occupies increases, so do the forces acting upon it.

See: The Science of Scale

Defeating Radical Islamic Terrorism (ISIS)

Thought: 

We are hearing from the left that to engage in a ground war in Iraq and Syria would be to play into the hands of ISIS and such groups by helping to fulfill the prophesies of Mohammad. So let’s do the opposite and create a situation whereby these groups would be forced to themselves either dissatisfy the requirements of the prophesies or abandon them altogether.

Instead of assembling an invasive force, intern a force of peace, say 50,000 men, women, and children, without guns or instruments of war, in the place where the prophesies are supposed to take place. This will certainly confuse the jihadists and make them lay down their weapons.

I’m not exactly sure what the prophecies say, but surely we can figure out how to use them to defeat these misguided souls much the same way that they are trying to use our laws to defeat us.

Man as Part of Nature

Thought:

No should be asked to take more than their God on faith. To accept some theories is to do just that.

God doesn’t let bad things happen to us. Natural disasters and malevolence are a result of our original “fall from grace.” By just being human we interact with the world around us and change it, inasmuch as we are part of nature.

The fall from grace, whether you want to call it that or not, is our tendency toward selfishness; or wanting for wanting’s sake. I believe it is still okay for us to use every worldly provision to our advantage, but only framed in light of our selfishness, both for now and for future generations.

Time Travel

Thought: I don’t think we’ll ever go “back to the future.” It’s not within our realm of existence. The Laws of Physics won’t allow it. For us to be able to travel at the speed of light, we’d have to become light or pure energy. Once that happens, there’s no going back. Maybe that’s what happens when we die. We become light or pure energy and travel to another time and place. After all, it would only take about 8 minutes to get to the sun.

Climate Change

Thought: Melting polar ice causes the earth to spin slower or faster? Slower would cause more heating. Faster would cause less heating (cooling?) A faster spin and cooling would match previous (historical) climate trends, which “always” consisted of a period of warming followed by a period of cooling.

Theory: Atlantic Basin hurricanes take a northerly path sooner due to warming waters extending farther north with a corresponding atmosphere providing less resistance to hurricane movement.

Headlines like: “Last month was the hottest September in recorded history tick me off.” It’s sensational, ominous, and misleading. Not everyone understands that “recorded history ” includes only about the last 150 years out of 4,500,000,000.

Thought: They are leading us to believe in a cause rather than a solution.  Rather it is best to protect coastal areas and (maybe) wildlife and agriculture as much as possible from the possible effects of climate change because all climate change is natural insomuch as we are part of nature.

People

Theory:

Man didn’t evolve until oxygen levels had increased to the point that they stimulated brain development and mental capacity.

Biblical figures lived longer due to lower levels of oxygen in the atmosphere, but they were dumber.

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

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Scientists just discovered a surprising new factor that could make global warming worse – The Washington Post


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This lends more credence to the “very large” component of climate change that is natural.

Please see “Climate Change 101

Study suggests greater urgency in managing the world’s forests.

Source: Scientists just discovered a surprising new factor that could make global warming worse – The Washington Post

Other Daily Mulls

Islanders in Chesapeake Bay face exile from rising seas – Yahoo News

Fabrications to Prop Up Climate Panic Are Among Greatest Scandals in History of Science

This week, geologists will attempt to drill through Earth’s crust and into the mantle

AP FACT CHECK: On climate science, most GOP candidates fail – Yahoo News

Senate Votes to Block Obama’s Climate Change Rules – The New York Times

Leading Harvard physicist has a radical new theory for why humans exist

A giant man-made hole in Earth’s atmosphere is now larger than North America

NASA found a way to track ocean currents from space. What they saw is troubling – The Washington Post

NASA satellites reveal something startling about the future of food on Earth

 

 

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

Look for it at major booksellers, including Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Books-A-Million,and Kobo.

 

Fabrications to Prop Up Climate Panic Are Among Greatest Scandals in History of Science


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Finally, a sensible voice:

Please see “Climate Change 101

 

As COP21 at Paris is underway, and Senator Bernie Sanders (D-VT) and President Barack Obama stand by their claims that manmade global warming is our greatest security threat, and the mainstream news media continue to play lapdog to the spinmeisters of the UN IPCC and the Obama Administration as they seek a global climate agreement, more and more innocent bystanders—called ordinary citizens—seem to be paying attention to the debates (which of course the alarmists say aren’t occurring) over “climate change.”

Source: Fabrications to Prop Up Climate Panic Are Among Greatest Scandals in History of Science

Other Daily Mulls

Islanders in Chesapeake Bay face exile from rising seas – Yahoo News

Scientists just discovered a surprising new factor that could make global warming worse – The Washington Post

This week, geologists will attempt to drill through Earth’s crust and into the mantle

AP FACT CHECK: On climate science, most GOP candidates fail – Yahoo News

Senate Votes to Block Obama’s Climate Change Rules – The New York Times

Leading Harvard physicist has a radical new theory for why humans exist

A giant man-made hole in Earth’s atmosphere is now larger than North America

NASA found a way to track ocean currents from space. What they saw is troubling – The Washington Post

NASA satellites reveal something startling about the future of food on Earth

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

Look for it at major booksellers, including Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Books-A-Million,and Kobo.

 

This week, geologists will attempt to drill through Earth’s crust and into the mantle


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Didn’t they try this in 1965 and cause a “Crack in the World?” It’s on the internet:

Crack in the World Documentary

It must be true.

Starting this week, scientists will begin a multiyear expedition to drill below the Earth’s crust, reports Nature. The quest to reach the Earth’s mantle began more than 60 years ago when Scripps Oceanographer Walter Munk conceived of the idea while talking with his colleagues over drinks in 1957. The scientists began work on Project Mohole, which had the goal of reaching the crust-mantle transitional area known as the Mohorovičić discontinuity or the Moho Layer. First identified in 1909, the Moho is a boundary layer that separates both the oceanic crust and continental crust from the underlying mantle. The early explorers began drilling in 1960 off the coast of Mexico, but they had to stop after only 183 meters due to cost overruns that killed the project. Despite this setback, Project Mohole kicked off a series of similar ocean drilling projects that have greatly expanded our knowledge of Earth science, including important discoveries about plate tectonics and subterraneous microbial life. Now in 2015, another group is poised to pick up where others have left off. These deep rock areas are an unexplored frontier and the study of these underground treasures “is one of the great scientific endeavors of the century”, said Henry Dick, a Woods Hole geophysicist and co-leader of the 2015 expedition. Related: The best underwater hotels: Rock bottom never looked so good The researchers have selected a drilling location in the Atlantis Bank, which is situated in the southwestern Indian Ocean. Due to its unique geology, the ocean is relatively shallow in this area and the mantle rises close to the surface, making it easier to access. It also means there are less hard-to-crack crustal rocks, which have thwarted previous attempts to access this part of the Earth’s crust. Initially, the group plans to use the JOIDES Resolution drill ship to drill down 1.5 kilometers into the crust, collecting a core sample as it moves through the layers of rock. If this first mission proceeds smoothly, then the team will seek funding for additional missions to break into the mantle, first drilling down 3 kilometers in Phase 2 and then gradually more than 5 kilometers in Phase 3. Besides reaching the mantle, the team of researchers also are interested in studying the geology and biology of the area. Recent studies suggest the Atlantis Bank may be a source of serpentinite rock, which forms when seawater reacts with peridotite in the mantle rock, especially those that have been moved upwards by plate tectonics. They also hope to find microbial species that live off methane, which is produced when this serpentinite rock is formed. The first phase of this research will begin this month and will last until January 30, 2016. The second and third phase will begin at an undetermined date in the future using the Japanese drill ship Chikyu, which is capable of drilling down the 6 kilometers need to reach the Moho layer. Also watch: Raimond de Hullu’s vision for Oas1s green buildings Please enable Javascript to watch this video

Source: This week, geologists will attempt to drill through Earth’s crust and into the mantle

See other posts here: http://www.mymullings.com

Other Daily Mulls

Islanders in Chesapeake Bay face exile from rising seas – Yahoo News

Scientists just discovered a surprising new factor that could make global warming worse – The Washington Post

Fabrications to Prop Up Climate Panic Are Among Greatest Scandals in History of Science

AP FACT CHECK: On climate science, most GOP candidates fail – Yahoo News

Senate Votes to Block Obama’s Climate Change Rules – The New York Times

Leading Harvard physicist has a radical new theory for why humans exist

A giant man-made hole in Earth’s atmosphere is now larger than North America

NASA found a way to track ocean currents from space. What they saw is troubling – The Washington Post

NASA satellites reveal something startling about the future of food on Earth

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

Look for it at major booksellers, including Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Books-A-Million,and Kobo.

 

NASA satellites reveal something startling about the future of food on Earth


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I feel like a school marm chastising and correcting NASA and the climate scientists for their blatant misrepresentation of the data. After all, who am I compared to the massive bureaucracies that are NASA and the other institutions that claim to know, without a shadow of a doubt, that climate change is man-made?

NASA admits in its own article that the data used to draw upon its conclusions extended from 1880 to 2013, a mere 133 years. This is not enough to correlate the cause of warming with human industrialization.

See other posts here: http://www.mymullings.com

Other Daily Mulls

Islanders in Chesapeake Bay face exile from rising seas – Yahoo News

Scientists just discovered a surprising new factor that could make global warming worse – The Washington Post

Fabrications to Prop Up Climate Panic Are Among Greatest Scandals in History of Science

This week, geologists will attempt to drill through Earth’s crust and into the mantle

AP FACT CHECK: On climate science, most GOP candidates fail – Yahoo News

Senate Votes to Block Obama’s Climate Change Rules – The New York Times

Leading Harvard physicist has a radical new theory for why humans exist

A giant man-made hole in Earth’s atmosphere is now larger than North America

NASA found a way to track ocean currents from space. What they saw is troubling – The Washington Post

 

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

Look for it at major booksellers, including Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Books-A-Million,and Kobo.

 

Climate Science: More Man-Made Than Climate Change

Or

Why I Was Black-Balled By The Man-Made Climate-Change Community


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It seems, everywhere you turn these days, there’s a new study, verifying that the earth is warming, that the ozone hole is getting larger, that carbon dioxide levels are increasing, that polar ice is melting, that sea level is rising, and that ocean currents are being altered. And it’s all because of human degradation and destruction.

“It’s the worst it’s been in recorded history” has become the mantra for the media to apply the label “man-made.” In all the sensationalistic news however is there never an explanation that “recorded history” is infinitesimal compared to the history of the earth, and the history of climate change.

Why is it then that the man-made climate-change (MMCC) enthusiasts insist on crediting human capitalism with our current warming climate? Could it be that everything we do burns up oxygen and turns it into carbon dioxide?  But that’s not unusual. Every species of animal does that. In fact, man’s total contribution of CO2 to the atmosphere by his industriousness is estimated to be approximately 3% by volume. The natural contribution to atmospheric CO2 is approximately 24% by volume. See the reference here. If we weren’t so industrious, we’d probably contribute only a small percentage (say about 3%) to this. So, as a species, we contribute about 6% to the total.  To be totally honest, I don’t know how much of the 6% is due to our farming and agricultural practices and other wastes we generate that would be present no matter how industrious we were. Unless we were to stop producing and harvesting in addition to discontinuing the manufacture of plastics, for example.

The percentage of CO2 in the atmosphere is about 0.04. So when a climate scientist argues that it is increasing, it is from a very small amount to a very small amount. CO2 levels in the atmosphere have increased previously, as measured in sediments and ice cores, to levels that we are seeing now. Remembering that historical levels are measured within some level of accuracy and error, they could have been somewhat higher or lower. Supposedly, however, CO2 levels are increasing at a faster rate than they would naturally, due to our extra contributions. The natural rate of increase again, however, is subject to measurement error.

What are the author’s qualifications for presenting this argument?  The author is a practicing geoscientist for 35 years. One of the basic tenets of this science is that the history of the earth, including previous climates, is stored in the sediments, rocks, ice, and water. Remember again that this gives us a picture of how conditions may have changed over the 4.5 billion years of the earth’s history, although somewhat incomplete and estimated.

So just how accurate is the science of MMCC? According to the IPCC,  the warming earth, spreading ozone hole, increasing carbon dioxide levels, melting polar ice, rising sea level, and shifting ocean currents coincide  with changes to the levels of gases being contributed to the atmosphere by man. Funny thing is we’ve only had the ability to measure temperature, sea level, ice and currents about as long as we’ve been able to measure the concentrations of the gases. This doesn’t mean that the gases have caused the warming and other changes, only that we’ve been measuring them at the same time.

Correlation does not imply causality. The earth has been warming naturally since the last glacial maximum and, more significantly, since the little ice age. Although the warming and changes in ice and sea level may be related, the relationship between human-made gases and warming is only coincidental at best. The gases that are considered to be greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and miscellaneous other gases. The miscellaneous gases include CFCs and the like, which are the only gases that are not also produced naturally, but account for only a fraction of a percentage of the atmospheric gases. The concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide that are produced by human industry account for approximately 4% of the total atmospheric concentrations of these gases. Natural sources account for approximately 23%, and the remaining 73% were present in the atmosphere prior to industrial development, and had also to have built up naturally.

The earth is warming, and it will cool again, naturally, as it has already done many times. It may coincide with changes in atmospheric gases. It has already done this too. Whether there is a cause and effect between climate change and the gases, the natural contribution far exceeds that extra part contributed by man’s industriousness. And insomuch as man is a part of nature, what part of his industriousness is not also natural?

Other Daily Mulls

AP FACT CHECK: On climate science, most GOP candidates fail – Yahoo News

Senate Votes to Block Obama’s Climate Change Rules – The New York Times

Leading Harvard physicist has a radical new theory for why humans exist

A giant man-made hole in Earth’s atmosphere is now larger than North America

Now In Paperback, Hardcover, and E-Book

Based on the blog series.

Published by Westbow Press.

Get more information about the book at the Author’s Website.

Look for it at major booksellers, including Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Books-A-Million,and Kobo.

 

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